Thyroid Cancer: Symptoms and Treatments
Get ahead of the diagnosis, in any aspect of health, it is critical, and in the case of cancer the best way to increase the chances of winning the battle. The thyroid cancer, although it has a low prevalence and have one of the best forecasts and lower mortality rate, in some of its variants can be really dangerous. It is important to know the symptoms that can reveal its presence in initial stages.
The most common thyroid cancer is that of papillary thyroid, followed by spinal cancer, which has a high hereditary component; the follicular, and the most aggressive cancer, anaplastic thyroid.
We are faced with a type of tumor whose most frequent symptoms, and before that we should not have recourse to the doctor, as the appearance of a lump in the former area of the neck (most are benign, statistically, 1 in 20 nodule is malignant), swollen lymph nodes, difficulty breathing or swallowing, hoarseness or changes in the voice and recurrent pain in the neck or throat.
There are some risk factors that can make us more vulnerable to suffer this type of cancer, such as exposure to radiation – for example, radiotherapy to the neck or nuclear accidents. At this point, the X-ray exposure effects of evidence such as the x-rays or mammograms do not increase the risk of developing this type of cancer.
Other risk factors include having a family history, low or high iodine diet, age (most common between 30 and 50 years), sex (it is a most common type of cancer in women) or suffer from Hashimoto’s thyroiditis.
For the treatment of thyroid cancer most often is the surgery, for partial or total removal of the thyroid or lymph nodes in the neck with cancer. Depending on the type and stage of cancer you may also need to undergo a radiotherapy treatment. After surgery allows killing any cancer cells of the thyroid that was not removed.