What is azotemia and how to prevent it?
The term azotemia may seem strange and even unknown to many. The azotemia is the concentration of nitrogen in the blood, resulting in waste of protein metabolism. Is it a problem to have high levels? The truth is that not underestimate nor its symptoms and its consequences, since in most cases is caused by kidney failure. Let’s see, further, what is behind the azotemia, what its symptoms and what is the recommended diet to follow.
The normal reference values are between 22 to 46 mg/dl. Those responsible are the kidneys when they fail, they are unable to eliminate nitrogen waste through urine and urea, accumulate in the bloodstream. Thus arises azotemia.
It is a fault in the kidneys. Among the reasons, however, also included a diet too high in protein, associated with a reduced water consumption; or urinary tract obstruction due to kidney stones or an infectious disease (cirrhosis, gout). Do not underestimate the azotemia due to excess physical activity or during pregnancy.
Symptoms and Remedies
The elderly, pregnant women and young adults are most likely to suffer from azotemia. The most common symptoms are fatigue, paleness, weight loss, tachycardia, vomiting and diarrhea. Among the remedies: review diet and discover the cause that caused it.
Diet and Foods to Avoid
Proper hydration is essential, so we must drink at least 8 glasses of water every day. Water is an excellent ally to purify and eliminate waste from the body through urine. Also, avoid foods too high in protein. Avoid the sausages, red meat, tuna, cod and pine nuts.