The enteroviruses are very common virus and that, in the majority of cases, involve only mild symptoms. Within this family of microorganisms we find more than 100 serotypes which, especially in times as spring or summer, can cause respiratory infections, with symptoms similar to flu or gastrointestinal disorders of mild character.
Furthermore, here also includes the polio virus. Generally, children are more prone to this type of infections, largely because they are not yet immunized. What are the symptoms that should make us suspect? What is the best treatment? What can we do to prevent infection?
Enteroviruses have two-way transmission, via oral-fecal and through respiratory secretions (sneezing, coughing, runny nose …). General discomfort, mild fever, nasal congestion, sneezing or digestive discomfort are some of the most common symptoms of enterovirus, which can also add the appearance of sores in the mouth or skin rashes. The so-called non-polio enteroviruses may be responsible for a good number of common diseases such as common cold, pharyngitis, gastroenteritis, diarrhea or abdominal pain.
However, in a small percentage of cases, it may also be behind more serious disorders such as aseptic meningitis or, in more severe cases of encephalitis or myelitis (affecting the spinal cord). Currently, the A71 and D68 are considered as serotypes that more risks contain for the health.
As experts advise, especially in the case of children, the symptoms for which you should consult a doctor as soon as possible are drowsiness, tremors, weakness or neurological symptoms are accompanied by fever.
There is no specific vaccine to prevent enterovirus, but we can take some essential preventive measures such as often washing hands and especially after diapering the baby or help the child in the bathroom. When coughing or sneezing, should cover your mouth and nose to avoid spreading the virus, and not reuse handkerchief.