Myomas or fibroids, because muscle cells, being long and narrow, are called fibers. Fibroids are the most common benign tumor in the chapter on women’s intimate health. They can be multiple, and range in size from a few millimeters to 20 centimeters. They appear by the abnormal growth of the muscle cells in the wall of the uterus. For now, their specific causes shed questions, although it points to a direct relationship with the hormones called estrogen, as they rarely occur during puberty. After menopause tends to diminish and even disappear.
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Usually it is not uncommon for the presence of fibroids is not accompanied by any symptom evident. In other cases, it may cause heavy or prolonged periods, spotting between periods, pain in the lower abdomen or back pain during menstruation.
When enlarged, they can force on the bladder, causing the need to urinate more frequently. They can also cause symptoms of constipation or feeling of heaviness.
The presence of more abundant and prolonged periods can make the woman more vulnerable to suffer from anemia. In some cases, when the fibroid is attached to the uterus, it can cause severe pain and even block the cervix. Although these tumors do not cause sterility, due to its location and size if can interfere with the achievement of pregnancy.
How to Prevent
When fibroids are small and do not cause any symptoms, is usually not necessary to apply any specific treatment. When controlled with medications, the doctor advised to have a review at least every six months. When fibroids have grown larger, they can be removed. Usually, it has done by open or laparoscopic surgery, a technique to extract them through small incisions in the abdominal or vaginal wall. There are other more advanced techniques when it comes to removing tumors and preserve the uterus, although they are still evaluating the consequences for subsequent pregnancies. One is to irrigate the fibroids inserting a probe and the other technique is based on using heat through radiofrequency waves, to destroy them.
The best prevention is early detection of fibroids; we must not forget the importance of going to the gynecological on a regular basis.