Latex allergy: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The latex allergy can be defined as the reaction of the organism altered by contact with the proteins present in the latex of natural rubber. It is estimated that about 40,000 commonly used products contain latex. Rubber gloves, toys, sanitary napkins, nipples for breastfeeding, sports equipment, computer keyboards, mattresses, pillows, condoms…

latex allergy

This explains that in many cases one can come into contact with latex without realizing it. What are the symptoms that warn of this allergy? How is it? We are going to see, more carefully, what is behind the latex allergy, whose symptoms may be very different.

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The symptoms that have been associated with latex allergy are:

  • Itching, redness and watery eyes.
  • Persistent cough.
  • Sneezing and runny nose.
  • Hives, rashes or other skin lesions (blisters, red spots …).
  • Shortness of breath and tightness in the chest.
  • Dizziness.
  • Feeling of confusion.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Changes in the rhythm of the heartbeat.
  • Loss of consciousness (in case of anaphylactic shock).

It should also be noted that in the case of some allergic to latex may be what is called cross reactivity, in particular, with some foods with similar latex components.

Between that it is convenient to watch the bananas, kiwis, avocados or chestnuts.


Latex allergy caused by the protein contained in the rubber. Logically, the first recommendation is to avoid contact with objects that contain rubber, especially considered high-risk groups, i.e., those who have more susceptibility to this type of allergy.

  • People who have undergone several surgeries.
  • Those who suffer from food intolerance.
  • People diagnosed with spina bifida.


There is no definitive treatment for latex allergy, but measures to reduce the risk of allergic reaction and relieve symptoms that may be triggered.

To avoid contact with latex, use alternative objects, such as vinyl or neoprene gloves instead of latex gloves; polyurethane or resins condoms; silicone swimming caps; plastic toys or silicone nipples and pacifiers.

Moreover, in case of having to undergo surgery, always remember to inform the doctor of your latex allergy. Similarly, should report this allergy in the workplace, as well as friends and relatives as if in any case have to act. It is advisable to carry a medal or bracelet informing of the allergy. Also ask your doctor whether to carry over at an emergency treatment (antihistamines, bronchodilators and adrenaline).