Reactive lymph nodes: Types, Causes and Treatment
By definition, the reactive lymph nodes refer to a condition of lymph nodes. Reagents because it react, to attacks from viruses and bacteria, which can cause infection or inflammation. In most cases it is not a serious disorder, usually being the symptom of an infection or inflammation in progress. The ailments affecting the lymph nodes can be of various types, depending on the cause that provokes, and therefore require different treatment. Let’s look more closely, what is behind reactive lymph nodes.
Lymph nodes, what is it?
it is the protagonists of the lymphatic, small lymph glands located along the lymph system. It is estimated that there are about 600, spread throughout the body, especially in the groin, armpits, abdomen, submandibular and neck. Lymph nodes play a crucial role as filters of the immune system, thanks to the action of cells that prevent the action of harmful microorganisms. Among the many causes of reactive lymph nodes also included autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.
The term reactive lymph nodes indicate the capacity of the nodes to defend themselves in a situation of potential danger. In fact, its size may increase due to immune cells present in them, what is called lymphadenopathy, in most cases linked to inflammatory processes in the lymph nodes. Rarely is a symptom of neoplastic disease. Another common symptom is noticed feeling pain or discomfort to the touch.
If lymph nodes are swollen in the area of the neck, the cause can be a viral infection, such as mononucleosis or bacterial such as tuberculosis, strep throat, fungal infections or leukemia. The increase of the submandibular lymph nodes could a symptom of decay, while the axillary lymph nodes could be suspected of breast cancer, toxoplasmosis and other infections. Diseases such as syphilis, lymphomas or tumors in the lower extremities can cause the reaction of the inguinal lymph nodes.
Diagnosis and treatment
Although one must not underestimate the symptoms of swollen lymph nodes, before alarm and worry excessively must consult with the doctor, the only one who will take the appropriate response. For better accuracy of diagnosis may be necessary ultrasound examination. Before applying any treatment, it is essential to know the symptoms and, above all, the underlying cause reactive lymph nodes and thereby its inflammation. Depending on the cause, your doctor will determine the treatment to follow.