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The atrophic kidney is a kidney disease characterized in that one kidney is smaller in size. This may be due to different causes, so it will be a priority to have an accurate diagnosis. Atrophic kidney may be associated with a slowing of blood circulation or a blockage of the urinary system. Symptoms are similar to a urinary tract infection. Let’s see, then, in more detail the causes, symptoms and treatments to follow.

atrophic kidney

Symptoms
The symptoms, as noted, are similar to those found with a urinary tract infection. It can cause painful urination and a need for more frequent of doing so and, even, the presence of blood in the urine. This may be accompanied by pain in the kidneys and a feeling of pressure.

If untreated, the damage may have irreversible consequences, such as causing chronic loss of kidney function.

Causes
Among the causes of the atrophic kidney included renal ischemia, when the kidneys receive insufficient blood flow as well as a blockage of the urinary system or renal artery caused by a blood clot. The renal cyst can also be behind because it can compress the blood vessels. There are other conditions to consider as polycystic kidney disease or kidney infection. Hence the importance of not underestimating the symptoms or discomfort in the kidney area, because it may be a warning signals.

Treatments
The patient will require a personalized treatment, depending on the cause and extent of progression of the disease. If the problem is due to an infection, the doctor will prescribe a drug treatment to refer more acute symptoms. But if there is a problem of severe renal impairment it may be necessary to dialysis. For the diagnosis and determine the extent of the disease will be necessary certain tests, such as ultrasound, CT or MRI.