The angioma is a benign vascular lesion that generally affects the skin and subcutaneous tissues, but can occur anywhere on the body. The cavernous angioma can be defined as an abnormal proliferation of cells of the blood vessels, making it difficult for blood to flow properly.
It not always manifests clear signs or symptoms. Depending on its location (can affect the liver, brain, or eyes), symptoms also vary. The causes of the disease are not always known and may even be some genetic mutation. Let’s look more closely, what is behind this medical term and what is the most appropriate treatment.
If it is the brain, the most common symptoms are headaches, loss of balance, sensitivity, impaired vision and speech, attention deficits and memory loss. The liver angioma involves abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting and weight loss. In the eyes, swelling and impaired vision.
The exact cause of cavernous angioma is a question even without precise response. The hypothesis point to genetic mutations that occur during pregnancy, in particular, in the genes of chromosome 7. Some experts also point at the role of the feminine hormones.
The Angioma is a disease to be treated to avoid complications. Steroids may be given to slow its growth. The sclerotherapy, substances that reduces the blood supply and the amount of agglomeration of abnormal blood vessels, or surgery, when the angioma has expanded to the surrounding tissues.