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Fatty Liver: What is the cause and symptoms?

Fatty liver is, in medical terms, a disorder characterized by excessive accumulation of fat in the liver. The causes can be several, from drugs, excessive alcohol abuse or excess fat in the blood. Although not a common case, it may occur in pregnancy, around 35 week. If we avoid the triggers, the disorder may disappear.

fatty liver

The liver performs different functions with fat. On the one hand, captures blood and decomposes to release energy in the cells of the organism. Moreover, fat can also be manufactured from carbohydrates and proteins. For this reason, the fatty liver is motivated by several reasons, including medicines, some of which may act on the liver in the same way alcohol. Indeed, the excessive consumption of alcohol can lead to, among other disorders, fatty liver. In these cases, the substance decreases the breakdown of fat in the liver, which stimulates the production time.

Excess fat in the blood occurs when the liver reaches, through the blood, large amounts of fat from either food that is stored in the fatty tissue. The first case explains that fatty liver what causes obesity and intravenous feeding. The second case occurs when the body needs fat for energy, as in the extreme malnutrition or diabetes, since it could not get the carbohydrates, but also can cause the treatments with drugs and steroids the endocrine diseases that produce the increase in these hormones.

As noted, although rare, fatty liver can also occur during pregnancy from the 35th week of pregnancy, especially if they are twins. Although its exact cause is unknown, it is considered that may be related to a difficulty of the liver to break down fats.

If you avoid the risk factors, the disorder may disappear in a short space of time, but if you keep can lead to more severe problems for the health. The fatty liver, when not avoided alcohol, can lead to cirrhosis of the liver. If addition of excess fat in the liver inflammation is, the frequency of this complication increases. The gravity is greater in people who are obese, diabetic and in the elderly.


Fatty liver, except some slight discomfort in the liver area, usually does not produce any symptoms. For confirmation of the diagnosis is usually necessary to perform an ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging and sometimes a liver biopsy. The form that occurs during pregnancy causes symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and kidney failure.


Once accurately known risk factors, the first is to eliminate them, but also should be avoided especially alcohol consumption. Drugs that are being investigated at present, the most benefits are those that are intended to treat type II diabetes.

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