Skeletal Malocclusion: misaligned teeth, problems associated
The chewing difficulties are just one of the problems caused by defective or incorrect jaw alignment and positioning of the teeth. An aesthetic problem and health, because behind you can also hide the cause of the muscle and respiratory pathologies, including sleep apnea. Once diagnosed, new techniques, less invasive and more rapid, guarantee its effectiveness to meet the consequences of the skeletal malocclusion.
The alteration of the jaw or the dental positions that hinder actions such as chewing defines the so-called skeletal malocclusion. This is a problem that suffers from approximately 7% of the population and that can generate not only an aesthetic problem – the main reason the patients tend to go to consultation – but also a health problem. Among others, the skeletal malocclusion or misalignment of teeth can cause bite problems, chewing difficulties, joint pain and, in severe cases, sleep apnea (altered influx of air through the mouth).
In other words, not only difficult to chew, but that changes in the teeth or gums can lead to respiratory problems and muscle.
The malocclusion, once diagnosed, should be treated, being the objective of any treatment to get the teeth fit perfectly. As noted, the malocclusion can also lead to an aesthetic problem, such as having a prominent jaw, a small chin or an increase in gingival smile. The aesthetic reasons are important, but as we have seen this is a problem that requires solution to prevent other long-term complications.
What is the treatment? Besides treatment of orthodontics, in some cases, it may be necessary orthognathic surgery (to correct the position of the jaw and teeth, gaining in volume and facial expression).
The progress made in the field of treatments has been remarkable. In fact, new techniques not only perfectly aligned teeth, but can also reposition the bones of our face in that position that favors us aesthetically. Current techniques, faster, less invasive and less painful-not only solve the difficulties in chewing, but also address and resolve future complications while giving answer to the aesthetic needs of the patient.
Before having surgery, which is applied depending on the severity of each case, patients must meet orthodontic treatment, around 6-12 months. Then, specialist and patient valued the possibilities of surgery, being the most complex of all the biomaxilar intervention. After surgery, a slight adjustment is made to finish orthodontic to fit the teeth.
When to start orthodontic treatment? As soon as possible, i.e., in childhood or adolescence, to avoid complications in adulthood and, above all, avoid surgery.