The infectious mononucleosis is manifested by irregular fever, swollen lymph nodes in the neck and increase in mononuclear leukocytes from the blood. It is also known as glandular disease, Pfeiffer’s disease or, more commonly, as kissing disease, since it is mainly spread through saliva. To confirm this condition, you must perform some blood tests, from which the most appropriate treatment will be established. A therapy that is often consists in taking antibiotics and antipyretics. But how mononucleosis spread?
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How this disease attacks the body? The infection can happen in several ways, but the most common is through the saliva, and in particular of kisses. Hence the nickname of mononucleosis (kissing disease).Some people has antibodies in the body without knowing it, so it does not have ever accused the characteristic symptoms of the disease.
Another form of transmission is through infected objects, such as plates, cups and other utensils in general, and toys, in the case of children, it can come into contact with saliva and be a route of transmission. The mononucleosis may appear even time after becoming infected.
Through intimate relationships can be also transmitted the mononucleosis, causing symptoms such as severe sore throat, white or yellowish appearance of the tonsils and high fever plates and swollen lymph nodes in the neck and armpits. It can also appear in some cases increased spleen size.
Mononucleosis infection may also occur with a transfusion of infected blood. In this case, there is an acute phase that lasts about 15 days and that result in symptoms such as weakness and general malaise. If left untreated, it can result in chronic fatigue syndrome, especially in the case of women.