Skin allergies are, together with the mucous membranes and respiratory allergies, the most common. And among the highlights skin allergies, because of its prevalence, especially two hives and dermatitis, but we must also mention bronchial asthma. What are the causes of skin allergies?, What are its symptoms, how to recognize it? We are also facing a kind of allergies more common among children and women.
Heredity plays an important role in the occurrence of skin allergies, but also other factors that can influence, such as environmental pollution, increased use of preservatives or chemicals in the environment. Pollen, medicines and household dust are the substances most frequently give rise to allergies.
The skin is the largest organ of our body and the more exposed, to the time that exerts a protective function of our body. This explains that the allergic reactions are the most frequent skin. Therebetween are urticaria and dermatitis (contact and atopic), among which there is significant different in both cases and in the course of treatment to combat the symptoms. It is true that share the itching as one of its symptoms.
The rash is a skin lesion characterized by the appearance of hives, redness and skin texture. Its appear suddenly and often change appearance area. The most characteristic symptom is intense itching.
The most common causes of urticaria are usually the consumption of certain foods (shellfish, nuts), taking certain medications, inhalation of substances, hot baths, exposure to sunlight or contact with animals or other living organisms.
The treatment of urticaria is based broadly on alleviating the itching and antihistamines. Hives can also be severe, a more serious called angioedema, which affects the respiratory mucosa and hinders the flow of air through the larynx.
Contact dermatitis is a skin lesion caused by contact with certain substances, and external factors (latex, adhesives, enamels, metals or fibers). The most common symptoms are itching, appearance of vesicular lesions and inflammation. Contact dermatitis usually appear on the hands, face and neck. In this case, the treatment is to avoid contact with the allergen and treat the affected area with frequent washing and application of moisturizers and steroid creams.
Meanwhile, atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin condition and recurrent, which usually appears in childhood. Appears in outbreaks and in most cases associated with other problems such as seasonal allergies, rhinitis, asthma and food allergies. The most common symptoms of atopic dermatitis are skin rash, dryness and itching.