An abnormal menstrual cycle can lead to blood loss during those days is particularly abundant. It is what is called Hypermenorrhea or Menorrhagia.
The Hypermenorrhea can be defined as excessive menstrual bleeding. Not to be confused with the so-called breakthrough bleeding, characterized by bleeding between periods, or other menstrual cycle disorders like polymenorrhea or dysmenorrhea. Alterations of the menstrual cycle should not be underestimated, as they are not always responsible for the hormones. When in doubt, it is best to consult a gynecologist. Learn about the symptoms, however, is always helpful.
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When it is considered excessive bleeding?
When there is a significant variation in the menstrual pattern of women. Logically, menstruation varies in each woman, but it is usually considered that bleeding is abnormal when it lasts more than seven days, when it occur at intervals of less than 21 days, when it occurs bleeding with clots, or when blood loss exceeds 80 milliliters (e.g. soak a tampon or a compress every hour). In addition to last longer, menstruation can also be more painful in these cases. Another symptom that should not be overlooked is a greater sense of fatigue and sometimes shortness of breath (can also be a symptom of anemia, caused precisely by the excessive bleeding).
In the list of possible causes include hormonal alterations, dysfunction of the ovaries, uterine disorders, endometrial pathology and pelvic infections as well as fibroids and polyps. As it is the case with other health problems, some women may have a greater predisposition to hypermenorrhea.
In particular, those women who are entering the stage of menopause, women with problems of obesity or women with a history of inherited bleeding disorders.
Can I get pregnant if I have hypermenorrhea?
Heavy menstrual bleeding alone does not usually affect your chances of getting pregnant. But some of the causes of heavy bleeding can make it harder to conceive. For example, fibroids can affect your fertility and make it harder to get pregnant. Pelvic inflammatory disease can also cause infertility.
Diagnosis and treatment
In the presence of an anomaly of the menstrual flow, the physician, after a gynecological exam and study the medical history of the patient, may prescribe some additional tests to certify the cause of the disorder, especially if you suspect the presence of uterine abnormalities or other diseases.
The most effective treatment, of course, it is intended to resolve the cause of menstrual abnormalities. Thus, depending on each case, it is necessary to prescribe a particular pharmacological or surgical therapy. When the excess flow is caused by an imbalance of hormones, your doctor may prescribe the contraceptive pill, a pill that regulates hormonal balance and menstrual cycle. If blood loss has caused a decrease of iron, or other nutrients, you must perform a blood test to prescribe specific supplements.
Tranexamic acid tablets help to coagulate the blood inside the uterus. It has been shown that it reduce blood loss by around 50%. Treatment should be stopped if your symptoms have not improved within three months. Tranexamic acid tablets are not a form of contraception and will not affect your chances of becoming pregnant.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories (NSAIDs) help to reduce pain and menstrual cramps. In some women, NSAIDs may increase the risk of bleeding. These medications include ibuprofen, naproxen, diclofenac, etc.
Do medications for hypermenorrhea have side effects?
Yes, medications for hypermenorrhea can cause some side effects.
- If you have an Intra Uterine Device (IUD), you may notice that the pattern and duration of your periods change.
- Initially, it may be irregular or last longer.
- You may also have other side effects, such as tender breasts, migraines, and pain in your back and belly.
- If you are taking tranexamic acid, you may feel sick or have diarrhea.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can cause indigestion and heartburn, and worsen asthma.
- If you are taking the combined oral contraceptive pill, you may have headaches or feel depressed.
Home remedies for Hypermenorrhea
Combined calamus rhizome and Alchemilla alpina: First boil 20 gm calamus rhizome for ten minutes. After that time add 40 gm alchemilla alpina and let stand, without fire, for twenty minutes with the covered by pan. Strain the mixture and take 3 days in a row, twice a day, this natural remedy for hypermenorrhea.
Combined polygonum aviculare and erigeron: Boil 50 gm polygonum aviculare for ten minutes in one liter of water and then pour 20 gm erigeron. Turn off the heat, cover and let rest for half an hour. Strain the mixture and take twice a day for three days in a row be prepared.
Combined with marigold flowers with sage and flowers of black broom: Boil 50 gm of marigold flowers for a quarter of an hour in a liter of water and then add 20 gm of the rest of the ingredients. Cover and let stand for a quarter of an hour. Then, when you lower the period take this preparation every day.
Combined marigold fluid extract with sage and black broom fluid: Mix 30 ml of each ingredient and pour 50 drops of this mixture into a glass of water. Take this remedy for hypermenorrhea twice a day from the 5th day of the period.
Combined alchemilla alpina extract, erigeron extract and acorus calamus: Mix 25 ml of each ingredient and pour 40 drops into a glass of water. Take three times a day for eight days in a row this remedy to treat hypermenorrhea.
Infusion of strawberry leaves and chamomile: Boil for 10 minutes 15 gm of each ingredient and take three times a day be prepared.
Combined plantain leaves with periwinkle: Boil 70 gm of each ingredient in two liters of water until it is reduced to one. Strain and return to boil for another five minutes. Return to strain and take for four days in a row twice a day.
Infusion of milk thistle: Prepare an infusion of milk thistle, with a spoonful of its seed, and take a cup every hour until you notice that it reduces the bleeding.
Combined with cypress oil, geranium oil, incense oil and rose oil: Fill the bathtub and pour two drops of each ingredient. Take a 20-minute bath.