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An abnormal menstrual cycle can lead to blood loss during those days is particularly abundant. It is what is called menorrhagia or hypermenorrhea.


The menorrhagia or hypermenorrhea can be defined as excessive menstrual bleeding. Not to be confused with the so-called breakthrough bleeding, characterized by bleeding between periods, or other menstrual cycle disorders like polymenorrhea or dysmenorrhea. Alterations of the menstrual cycle should not be underestimated, as they are not always responsible for the hormones. When in doubt, it is best to consult a gynecologist. Learn about the symptoms, however, is always helpful.

When it is considered excessive bleeding? When there is a significant variation in the menstrual pattern of women. Logically, menstruation varies in each woman, but it is usually considered that bleeding is abnormal when it lasts more than seven days, when it occur at intervals of less than 21 days, when it occurs bleeding with clots, or when blood loss exceeds 80 milliliters (e.g. soak a tampon or a compress every hour). In addition to last longer, menstruation can also be more painful in these cases. Another symptom that should not be overlooked is a greater sense of fatigue and sometimes shortness of breath (can be also a symptom of anemia, caused precisely by the excessive bleeding).

The causes
In the list of possible causes include hormonal alterations, dysfunction of the ovaries, uterine disorders, endometrial pathology and pelvic infections as well as fibroids and polyps. As it is the case with other health problems, some women may have a greater predisposition to hypermenorrhea.

In particular, those women who are entering the stage of menopause, women with problems of obesity or women with a history of inherited bleeding disorders.

Diagnosis and treatment
In the presence of an anomaly of the menstrual flow, the physician, after a gynecological exam and study the medical history of the patient, may prescribe some additional tests to certify the cause of the disorder, especially if you suspect the presence of uterine abnormalities or other diseases.

The most effective treatment, of course, it is intended to resolve the cause of menstrual abnormalities. Thus, depending on each case, it is necessary to prescribe a particular pharmacological or surgical therapy. When the excess flow is caused by an imbalance of hormones, your doctor may prescribe the contraceptive pill, a pill that regulates hormonal balance and menstrual cycle. If blood loss has caused a decrease of iron, or other nutrients, you must perform a blood test to prescribe specific supplements.